Friday, 2 June 2017

The Discoverable Life of Wilhelm Roentgen

Abstract One of the greatest inventions in the last two hundred years is the discovery of the x-ray. The invention has application in diverse fields that range from medicine, astronomy, metallurgy, research, and others. This custom paper assignment  explores the life of the inventor of X-Ray and its application. Early life and career Wilhelm Roentgen was a German scientist and inventor known for discovering the X-Ray. He went to school in the Netherlands but did not complete his secondary school education following expulsion on shaky grounds. However, even without a high school education, he attended the University of Federal Polytechnic Institute in Zurich. He eventually earned a PhD in mechanical engineering and started his academic career at the University of Strassburg. He served as the chairperson of the physics departments in various universities, as he worked as a professor. At the height of his career, the planned to emigrate to the United States, but that did not happen because of the outbreak of the First World War. Wilhelm Roentgen discovered the x-ray when he was experimenting with the external effects of different vacuum tubes when an electrical discharge passes through them. He was experimenting with a glass gas built Crookes […]

Source: The Discoverable Life of Wilhelm Roentgen

Wednesday, 31 May 2017

Research Paper on The Electric Car

Watch two movies and make a research paper | Assignment Writing Service

Here is a sample of a custom research paper on two movies. It deals specifically with an electric car an if the electric car is coming back. We at Assignment Writing Service offer  all type of custom writing services for your help. Professional writers, cheap prices and confidentiality guarantee.


In the 90s, California Air Resources Board (CARB) passed the landmark the Zero-emissions vehicle (ZEV) mandate that required car companies to offer electric vehicles to their customers. The companies complied with the order and created more than 5000 electric vehicles. However, the same companies destroyed the cars or donated them to universities for research or display in museums after a decade or so citing lack of market demand. According to the documentary, “who killed the electric car,” the death of the electric car was due to sabotage. The parties involved colluded due to a combination of factors worked in their favor hence crossed ranks to kill the product. They used suits, adverts, lobbying, and similar strategies. Despite what happened, two decades down, electric cars are once again attracting attention and might replace gasoline cars within a decade from now or so.

Who killed the electric car?

The first class of people who were responsible for the death of the electric car is the consumers. In California, the demand for the electric car in the 90s did not seem to exist. The price of fuel was at an all-time low, and most users loved their sports utility vehicles for its luxury and comfort. It was not possible at that time for users to think about the merits of an electric car. Besides, the idea of global warming or pollution was still new. The first climate agreements were signed during that time, and it was against a background of general skepticism. Climate change science appeared shaky then. That skepticism is still evident today, especially among the Republicans. Therefore, selling an electric car on the basis that pollutes less did not make sense. Also, the range problem of electric vehicles was a major issue compared to the gasoline car that gives users the freedom to roam. According to the dealers and people involved in the production and selling of the cars, the demand was not therefore for reasons explained above. However, customers themselves say in the documentary that they were not aware of electric vehicles, suggesting that the industry as a whole did not market the cars in an attempt to undermine the entire project.

The movie talks of the battery. The issue of the battery is a serious problem and is the main bottleneck in the production, and adoption after manufacture of electric, cars. In the 90s, the batteries used were rudimentary in technical sophistication as they were the regular lead acid battery with a range of only 60 miles. The second generation of electric cars produced toward the end of the decade was using nickel-metal or even lithium batteries, which are more powerful with a range of more than 100 miles per charge. However, according to the film, the newly improved batteries did not get the attention they deserved as part of a plan to kill electric cars. According to one engineer, Alan Cocconi, working with lithium ion batteries could have increased the range of electric vehicles to more than 300 miles per charge, making them a superior alternative to the traditional gasoline cars.
Oil companies engaged in cynical marketing of the electric vehicles. Their goal was to kill the car, as it was a threat to their business. These companies used its associations that posed as consumer-based to undermine electric cars via advertising and other forms of subterfuge. Mobil is one of the firms that placed adverts to incite people against electric vehicles. Chevron also bought controlling stakes in one of the companies innovating to produce superior batteries for electric cars. The move killed further innovation in the production of car batteries that would cover perhaps more than a thousand mile per charge. Also, the movie makes reference to the activities of oil companies that kept oil prices low to kill any incentive towards the adoption of electric cars. Such manipulation appeared to have worked because in the 90s people were buying fuel-guzzling sports utility cars as they could afford with the prices of gasoline at an all-time low. Electric cars started to gain attention more than a decade later when oil prices skyrocketed, making it expensive to maintain large vehicles. Smaller and fuel-efficient cars are preferred rather than the large and inefficient vehicles.
Car companies, such as the GM, for instance, ran commercials that highlighted the drawbacks of electric autos with the intention of killing any interest in the cars. The companies also sponsored surveys that showed that the demand for electric cars did not exist. According to the CARB, it removed the mandate based on the strength of such studies, which were apparently misleading.

Electric cars are coming back

After vested interests killed the electric cars in the 90s in the United States, the situation is changing, and electric cars are coming back in a major way. The rebound is mainly due to the economics of the gasoline versus the electric car. The gasoline car has hundreds of moving parts, making maintenance a headache. The electric car, in contrast, has around 20 moving parts, and so maintenance is simple. Tesla gives its buyers an unlimited warranty. If the car malfunctions, Tesla fixes the car free. Gasoline cars require constant maintenance, and automobile companies make trillions in profit via servicing and selling spare parts. Therefore, from the perspective of these companies, gas cars are the better deal.

Another benefit of electric cars is the cost of gas. Before 2014, the price of gas was very high. Consequently, many families in the United States discarded their fuel guzzling cars in preference for fuel-efficient ones. Even now, there is a clear demand for cars such as the electric car that is easier and cheaper to maintain.

The battery technology is improving. Tesla uses lithium-ion batteries, and its cars have a range of more than 300 miles. New developments emerging are making the batteries better. Soon, cars will be able to travel for more than 1000 miles on a single charge.
All the leading carmakers are also developing their electric cars, and soon an electric car will be as cheaper as the ordinary gasoline cars. The charging stations are increasing, and they are free in the majority of cases.
The only disadvantage of an electric car is the range and cost, but with the innovations taking place around battery issue, range anxiety when driving an electric car will end.  The best electric car, perhaps, is Nissan Leaf because it is significantly cheaper than Tesla models. Mass adoption of electric cars will occur only with such models.


Electric cars are now in vogue once more after they were killed in the 90s. With global warming driven by the use of fossil fuel such as gasoline with powers conventional cars, there is a powerful incentive to shift to electric cars. Moreover, customers are looking for cost-effective options to the gas car, and the electric car is the perfect alternative.

Source: Research Paper on The Electric Car

Sunday, 28 May 2017

Personal Statement

Personal Statement | Assignment Writing Service

According to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP), nursing practitioners (NPs) are “quickly becoming the health partner of choice for millions of Americans.” Their role is essential and critical because they blend “clinical expertise in diagnosing and treating health conditions with an added emphasis on disease prevention and health management,” and that explains why Americans make “870 million visits to NPs every year”. Within the NPS, I am interested in Family Nurse Practitioner program. The focus of this program is the care of children and adult in the context of a family unit, and that is where my passion lies.

My relationship with nursing has grown personally and professionally over the years a student and later as a practicing nurse. In my view, unlike other careers, the growth in nursing career happens in the two levels viz. personal and professional levels. The job gives the practitioner the freedom to try new things and in doing, so boundaries expand. Consequently, the opportunities for doing rewarding things are endless in the profession. Achieving a master of science as Family Nurse Practitioner will give me a personal feeling of satisfaction in addition to arming me with other skills of serving my patients as a nurse practitioner.

My attraction to nursing started long ago when I was thinking of the right career to pursue just after high school. I had considered alternatives, but I am glad for the decision I try nursing. My education journey was not easy, as I had to provide part of the funding for tuition. However, despite the financial challenges I underwent through, I completed the course, graduating with a respectable GPA. Always the family and community person, I have volunteered to help communities as a nurse. I consider my work as a nurse primarily as a commitment to helping individuals and communities solve their health challenges.

During my time at the University of [insert name of the university], I was exposed to many clinical experiences including family medicine. The exposure gave me the foundation I used to expand my skills via practice. I often recall with joy those early experiences of meeting with patients and serving them professionally as a trainee nurse. It is during that time I discovered my passion for family medicine especially when volunteering and working with communities. Giving communities, especially the underserved, the joy of good health through my professional skills gives me a feeling of satisfaction. As AANP notes, nurse practitioners not only focuses on therapeutic interventions but also in disease prevention and health management. In communities without resources, prevention and management of a condition are more effective than curative medicine. I, therefore, feel that Family Practitioner Medicine will arm me with the skills I need to serve children and adult within a community setting.

My professional goal is to expand access to care to all who need it. Therefore, I am willing to work in any environment, whether rural or urban, as long as my services are required. I am, however, partial to working with underserved communities who are in much need of the services of nurse practitioners. As the healthcare system continually evolves with the goal of increasing access to care and insurance to those currently not adequately covered, I would like to play a role in offering my services to communities in need of healthcare.
I conclude my restating that I am passionate about family medicine. The passion itself is a product of a deep conviction in my heart that more family nurse practitioners are needed. I am now hoping that you will give me the chance to make my dream a reality.

Source: Personal Statement

Mental illness Assignment

Worldwide, stigmatization and discrimination against people who have a mental illness is an issue of public health concern. This is because most individuals who have mental illness are challenged twice; firstly, they are struggling with the symptoms & disabilities which are as a result of the disease and secondly, they are stereotyped and bigoted owing to misconception relating to mental illness (Corrigan &Watson, 2002). Individuals who have mental illness represent a significant proportion of the globe’s population (World Health Organization, 2010). It has been approximated that roughly a million people die from suicide annually and one out of four people globally experiences mental illness in their lifetime.

Globally, persons with mental disorders, cognitive health services and professionals of mental health are subjected to negative publicity and are stigmatized and discriminated against despite the fact that there is growing evidence of the essence of mental health for development (Sadik, Bradley, Al-Hasoon & Jenkins, 2010). Mental health impacts several development outcomes and is the basis for social stability since it serves as a vital determinant of the well-being and quality of life (WHO, 2010).

Because mental health is a crucial indicator of human development, problems linked to stigmatization and discrimination on people with mental health disabilities should not be underestimated or washed away. The World Health Organization for example linked stigma and discrimination related to mental illness to suffering, disability, and poverty (Corrigan & Watson, 2002; Crabb et al., 2012). This paper will focus on how stigma and discrimination limit the rehabilitation of persons suffering severe mental health condition. The paper will also focus on ways that I as a health/rehab professional would play in reducing this impact on a person with mental challenges.

Literature Review

According to the seminal work relating stigma, Goffman (1963) pointed out that stigma is an aspect which is deeply discrediting and which results in making one feel different from the rest and of a less pleasant kind. This unpleasant phenomenon is usually followed by prejudice, rejection, loss of status and discrimination (Link & Phelan 2011, p, 380). According to Byrne (2000), bigoting is a symbol of disgrace or dishonor and which result to separating one from the rest of the people.
According to Baffoe (2013), prejudice and discrimination come about as a result of several factors like myths, illiteracy, lack of knowledge, belief system and fear and exclusion of person that are viewed as being different (Baffoe, 2013). Likewise, Crabb and colleagues (2012) asserted that the experiences of stigma are characterized by humiliation, secrecy, labeling, seclusion, and prejudice. Because stigma is mostly grounded on social attitude, people who have mental illness are usually, rejected, shunned and are prone to sanctions, harassments, and at times violence.
According to Kohn et al. (2004), Stigma, fallacy, and fictions revolving around mental disorders have been noted as the primary reasons for a significant number of patients refusing to seek treatment (Kohn et al. 2004). Stigma results in massive discrimination and violation of human rights experienced by persons who have mental illness (Ngui et al. 2010).

Effects of stigma on mentally ill persons

The effects of stigma on individuals suffering from mental health challenges are equally painful like the mental illness itself. The stigma leads the community to form the following attitude and actions toward people who have a mental disorder: fear, discrimination, and mistrust. The effects of stigma on people living with mental illness lead them to Form fear of “coming out,” minimize the need to seek necessary mental health care, form practices of individual-stigmatization and undergo discrimination.

Prejudice and discrimination as a barrier to accessing healthcare for the mentally ill people

Lack of support from health service providers

According to Corrigan and colleagues, they noted that stigma usually becomes structural when it imbues societal institutions and systems. They pointed out that insurance doesn’t cover mental health care, and mental health research isn’t well funded are an indication that stigma and lack of sufficient support for mental illness are persistent at the structural level. Failure for there to be enough support for them mentally ill people results to them to shying away from seeking any help.
The adverse effects of public stigma have been noted within the overall health care system among person with the mental ill condition are less likely to benefit from the depth and breadth ofavailable physical health care services when compared to those without the illness. Based on two studies that were carried out by Druss and colleagues on archival information pointed out that persons with mental disability usually receive less/poor medical services when compared to those who are not mentally ill (Desai, Rosenheck, Druss, & Perlin, 2002; Druss & Rosenheck, 1997).

Also, Druss and colleagues went on to point out that people who have mental illness are unlikely to receive a similar range of insurance benefits like persons without a mental disability (Druss, Allen, & Bruce, 1998; Druss & Rosenheck, 1998).

Fear of discrimination from the public

More than 60 million US citizens are said to undergo mental illness annually, and the effects of mental illness are felt more among members of the family, friends, and colleagues. Though there exist effective evidence-based treatment, approximately 40% of individuals suffering from adverse mental condition don’t receive care and majority of those who start the rehabilitation process fail to finish it. This were the findings established from a report that was published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. This report noted that fear of stigma from the family was a huge barrier for people with mental conditions for going for rehabilitation.

The family members of this people usually lock them in the house and refuse to take them for rehabilitation. They do this for fear to be labeled and discriminated by members of the public. It is understandable that their situation is challenging and is affecting other family members when one of them is suffering. To limit further problems, family members opt to lock them in the house or refuse to be seen with them in public. The desire to limit public stigma or shame forces family members or person who have mental illness to cease going for treatment.

Self -stigma impacts negatively on one’s Self-Esteem

Individuals may avoid stigma related to mental illness owing to the possible effects of stigma on a person’s self. Staying in a culture full of stigmatizing pictures, individuals with mental disabilities can accept such ideas hence resulting to them to suffering low self-esteem, self-efficacy, and confidence (Holmes & River, 1998, p, 235). Several studies have indicated that persons who have mental illness usually internalize such stigmatizing notions which are endorsed by the society and come to believe that they are not valued due to their psychiatric condition (Link & Phelan, 2011, p, 380).These people tend to agree with such prejudice that they are weak and cannot take care of themselves. Theses Self-prejudice results to negative emotional reaction; like minimal self-esteem and less self-efficacy.

Several studies have indicated that there exist a significant link between shame and avoiding treatment. Self-prejudice and self-discrimination usually interfere with one’s life objectives and quality of life. Self-prejudice often lowers the possibility of a mentally ill person from going for rehabilitation. This is because they tend to give up on life owing to the fact they have accepted the prejudice from the public and believed in them hence. They see no need for help. The potential of self-stigma may result to label avoidance and reduced treatment participation by the patient.

Fear of divulging their situation

Privacy is an important aspect more so when it comes to mental illness. People who have mental condition prefer that their condition is not known to many because they fear discrimination from members of the public. By visiting a doctor or going for rehabilitation, there is a possibility that their situation will be uncovered hence resulting in their situation becoming known not only by the physician but also some members of the public. This eventually may lead to shame and prejudice on their part and which is what they are running away from (APS, 2017).

Keeping their situation private is what on most occasion’s results to mentally ill persons from refusing to seek medical help. They rather have the public in ‘the dark’ regarding their situation than to have them to know about their status and which eventually may lead to endless victimization for probably the rest of their lives.

Ways of minimizing stigma and discrimination


As earlier noted, stigma and discrimination are as a result of people lacking sufficient information/knowledge relating to mental disorder. Adequate research has indicated that individuals who have sufficient information regarding mental disorder are less stigmatizing when compared to people who are not informed on matters relating to mental disorder. The less informed individuals who are practicing discrimination, are acting from the point of ignorance.

This means that through providing people with factual information about the condition would lower stigmatization hence allowing more individuals with the condition to seek medical attention since they public is well informed about their situation. As a health professional working with a mentally ill person, I would ensure that the public is well informed about the condition.
Moreover, I would ensure that the patient is well apprised of the dangers of not seeking medical attention. Through education, it will make sure that the attitudes towards this particular people are changed. In this regard, it will result to also proper care among other health professionals who initially discriminated against this particular people. In additional, it will ensure that insurance products relating to the mental condition are developed plus ensure that sufficient funding is channeled towards the care of mentally ill persons.
Joining a support group

Stigma persists if the individual is unable to overcome their situation. I would encourage the patient that I am working with to join local and national groups, like the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). These groups play a vital role when it comes to overcoming stigmatization. These groups tend to provide their members with regional programs and Internet resource which are directed towards minimizing stigma through educating people regarding mental illness, their families and the public (Staff, 2017).

Apart from educating their members about their condition, such play a crucial role in that members tell of their journey towards recovery and some of the challenges that they have encountered and how they overcame them. These groups are meant to ensure that the mentally ill person receive enough support plus inform them that they are not alone.


Mental illness is a condition which affects many people globally. Many people are suffering in silent due to the fear of public shame and being discriminated against by members of the public. Those discriminating against the mentally ill person are doing so since the do not have sufficient information regarding the condition. Failure by the mentally sick person to seek help may lead to the worsening of their situation. As a result, there is a need for there to be a massive education in matters relating to the condition. This would lead to reduced bigoted situation hence allowing more people with the condition to seek help. Through having support groups, the mentally ill people may be able to get sufficient help in their journey towards recovery.

Tuesday, 16 May 2017

Games and Studying are Similar

 Our last class we had a lot of fun playing and relaxing. It was really interesting for me just doing some simple but unusual, for studying, tasks.

First we remembered as many gerunds as we could, then we rhymed them and in the end we had to create a poem. The most important thing was, that everyone managed to do.
The atmosphere of the class was calm and relaxing. That is why I did feel like being at class and worrying about something. Everything was about having  fun and at the same time remembering about the reason why we all were there (studying)

I liked it, and I believe it's necessary to have such time at classes, because it helps to chill down and keep learning new things in warm conditions :)